The Russian economy has suffered for years as it has lagged behind other countries in its development and economic growth.
The country’s GDP per capita has been growing at an annualised rate of 2.5 per cent over the past four years, and is projected to reach 3.3 per cent in 2020.
Russia has a large middle class that is often compared to the US, and has also enjoyed the support of global investors, such as the likes of Google, Apple and Facebook.
But as Russia continues to experience economic and political upheaval, the country’s reputation for tourism and tourism investment is under fire.
Russia’s economy is currently suffering a slump in the world economy.
Russian tourism fell by 20 per cent last year and a study last year estimated that just one-third of Russia’s tourism budget is spent on foreign holidays.
A growing number of experts and experts are calling for a crackdown on ‘poor-tourism’ in Russia, warning that the country has become an international pariah.
“Russian authorities are doing a great job of banning foreign tourism.
But the problem is, if you go to the Russian tourist areas, you are often met with people who do not even know you are visiting Russia, who are not able to explain their presence to you, and who are very hostile,” says Oleg Kalyanova, director of the Center for Russian and Eastern European Studies at the University of Oxford.
“I think we need to have a lot of sanctions and a ban on poor-toursism, and also an economic boycott.”
In Russia, a tourist in the city of Novosibirsk can be forgiven for thinking they have just arrived at a tourist attraction.
But Russian tourist centres are also notorious for having a reputation for being the place where tourists are often harassed and attacked.
In Novosia, the largest city in the country, the main tourist attraction is the famous Russian Orthodox Cathedral.
The building has been the target of several violent attacks in recent years.
In 2014, a group of young men vandalised the church and sprayed graffiti on the wall.
They also burned a portrait of the Virgin Mary, which had been installed there by Russian Orthodox churches.
The vandalism prompted a large crowd of about 300 people to gather outside the church, but only a handful of police officers were able to intervene, according to the local media.
The same year, a similar attack on the Cathedral of St Peter was recorded in Novosyakhon, a city near Moscow.
The incident resulted in the church being ransacked and the windows of the cathedral being smashed.
“The Cathedral of Christ the Savior is a place that people of all religions have been able to worship,” says Nikolai Voznesensky, an expert on Russian Orthodox Christianity at the Institute of Oriental Studies.
“They are the ones who built the Cathedral in the first place, and have been blessed by God with the most beautiful and grand cathedral building in the whole world.”
However, in Novo, a town on the outskirts of Moscow, it seems the Russian authorities are trying to change that.
“You see all the time people who are coming to the Novoskys and to Novosys and they see the Russian Orthodox Church there and they come to pray there,” says local journalist Andrei Klimov.
“But they don’t want to go to church.
That’s why they come here.”
It is a sentiment echoed by others, too.
A woman who has lived in the town for 10 years, says she doesn’t feel safe at her church.
“We can’t leave our houses and go to a church.
I think people who come to our church often ask for money, and it’s not enough.
We don’t know how to pray here.
I also don’t like the people who go to our local mosque.
I am scared because they are not Muslim.
They are not religious people,” says the woman.
She says that when she visits the mosque, the women who work there often ask her to leave.
“And we are the only Muslim people in the neighbourhood.
It’s really upsetting,” she says.
“So, I am going to pray, but I don’t have any money.
And I am very upset.
I’m not going to leave this house.”
‘A new phenomenon’ Russian tourists have been increasingly taking to social media to complain about the behaviour of locals.
“A new thing is happening in the Russian capital, where there are so many foreigners who don’t feel welcome.
I don´t know how they feel, but they are angry.
And they have a new phenomenon of making the locals feel unwelcome,” says Alexey Yudin, an analyst with the Russian Centre for Investigative Journalism.
“It is not just Russian tourists who are complaining about their problems.
In many cases, locals also feel the same way,” says Yudina.
Russia is also facing growing criticism from its neighbours in the region.
Last year, the Russian government passed a law that would make